The associated press style is the goto style for journalism and news writing. Ap style is designed to address the challenges of the organizations large size and readership. Writing numbers correctly in ap style includes a few basic rules that should get you through most situations. Associated press style basics journalists resource. Its mobile optimized so you can use it on your desktop, laptop, smartphone or tablet. Ap style capitalization is mainly used by writers for the associated press but is also used widely throughout journalism. There are specific rules on how to use formal titles in ap style. This can be particularly tricky with the titles of major works, so heres a few rules to brush up on. Here are the correct spelling and capitalization rules for some common. The ap stylebook has a few simple rules for using quotation marks in ap style stories.
These rules are the exact same for apa style, the only difference being that ap style does not recommend the use of title case for newspaper headlines, but rather sentence case. Chapter sixteen brights, followups, roundups, sidebars and obituaries. The ap stylebook holds to the following guidelines. When you see the word written on forms, it may or may not be capitalized, leaving you confused if you have to adhere to ap style. When looked at next to startcase capitalization, apnewsstyle headlines get messy.
For a companys formal name, consult the national stock exchanges, the new york stock exchange. A journalism stylebook is supposed to provide universal guidelines for writers when it comes to stylistic things like punctuation, capitalization and so on. Retain capitalization in referring to a specific body if the dateline or context makes the name of the nation, state, county, city, etc. When writing about the government of the united states of america there are some basic rules to follow. Fully revised and updated, this new edition contains more than 3,000 a to z entriesincluding more than 200 new onesdetailing the aps. Chapter 16 brights, followups, roundups, sidebars and obituaries. The style of the associated press is the gold standard for news writing. Colon capitalize the first word after a colon only if it is a proper noun or the start of a complete sentence. She smiled, youll want to read this gatehouse newsroom post about how to properly use quotation marks in ap style stories then. Under aps rules, material from anonymous sources may be used only if. To subscribe to the associated press stylebook online, or to find out about purchasing hard copies of the book, start here. Remember back in college when you had to keep track of all the different ap rules for your student newspaper on top of the chicago manual of style for your academic classes. The ap stylebook has released its new social media guidelines, including the official change from web site to website a move first reported back in april and 41 other definitions.
When writing about taxes, there are some basic ap style rules you should know about. Italicized words are still iffy for wire transmission ap stories, so book titles are enclosed in quote marks. All you need to know about titles in ap style gatehouse. Ap stylebook, also known by its full name the associated press stylebook and briefing on media law, is an english grammar style and usage guide created by american journalists working for or connected with the associated press to standardize mass communication. Welcome to ask the editor, a forum on writing, style and phrasing issues that go beyond the pages of the ap stylebook. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Olympics is always capitalizedas is games, winter and summer when used alongside it. The guidance encompasses the democratic and republican conventions to nominate presidential candidates. It had to be easy for reporters and editors to use and also produce. With the ap stylebook in hand, you can learn how to write and edit with the clarity and professionalism for which they are famous. Hurricane should be capitalized when used with the storms assigned name, like hurricane. On second reference, the automobile as sociation or the association is ac ceptable. If you come across an issue not covered in ti educational technology guide to style and usage, you can check the online edition of the ap stylebook. When in doubt, use sentencestyle capitalization and roman type.
If youre new to news writing or switching from one to another, youll want to keep this ap cheat sheet handy and. Heres what the ap stylebook says about when to capitalize names. Ap stylebook adds 42 new guidelines for social media. But like most grammar dogma, there is always those special cases. The ap style as its known in the trade is quite different from the new york times style or chicago manual of style. Ti must use language consistently to preserve its brand. For example, xrays are conducted with written consent versus we conduct xrays. In recent years, the nations leading media style books have published guidelines for language and terminology use when reporting on lgbtq people and their lives, issues and stories. The 2019 edition of the associated press stylebook and briefing on media law includes more than 200 new or revised entries, with chapters covering data journalism, business, fashion, food, religion and sports terms, as well as media law, news values, punctuation, social media, polls and surveys and a new chapter on health and science. Even so, the associated press stylebook chose to exclude the slash from the punctuation section, acknowledging it with a thirtyword chin nod in the main section instead. But i wholeheartedly disagree with using ap style for title capitalization. What follows are summaries of some of the most common style rules.
Associated press style is to use dashes, not bullets, for lists that follow a colon. Rules for capitalizing academic degrees in ap style bka content. After each bullet, capitalize the first letter and use periods at the end of each item. Lets end the confusion with an overview of the correct way to capitalize titles. Ask the editor provides answers, clarification and guidance on style issues that go beyond the pages of the ap stylebook.
Captions give photos context, telling viewers whats going on in a photo so they dont have to guess. Ap style also aims to avoid stereotypes and unintentionally offensive language. There are three main options for capitalizing chapter and section headings within your dissertation. Ap stylebook online is a searchable, customizable resource for writers and editors. The department prefers bullets, but punctuate them per ap style. Here are rules based on associated press style, with modifications or exceptions noted, and with tispecific examples. Capitalize the full proper names of governmental agencies, departments, and offices. The first is that using the full united states of america is usually not necessary in most writing. Rules from the ap stylebook i recently conducted a workshop for employees in the development office at my university, and since they use associated press ap style, i was asked to include a unit on avoiding common ap errors. The 1953 version replaced the 16page ap style book and the ap copy book, known as the red book, and filled with allcap printer. Olympics is always capitalized as is games, winter and summer when used alongside it. Ap style rules for the super bowl, olympics and more pr daily. Register to view your products, order status, shipment trackings and manage your account settings. There are clear guidelines for capitalizing academic degrees in ap style.
The associated press, reuters, and the new york times all restrict usage of the term homosexual a word whose clinical history and pejorative connotations are routinely exploited by antilgbtq. Ap style title case has a few easy rules that will help showcase your title. Title case converter a smart title capitalization tool. The underten or singledigit rule will suffice in most cases. Sold by world prime and ships from amazon fulfillment. In ap style, slashes are acceptable only in certain phrases and special situations, such as with fractions. Capitalize chapter when used with a numeral in reference to a section of a book or legal code. The associated press was founded more than 150 years ago and now has thousands of employees working in more than a hundred countries for a readership that numbers in the millions. Sometimes its difficult to remember which rules are ap and which rules are remnants from years of college courses.
Founded in 1846, ap today is the largest and most trusted source of independent news and information. The capitalization rules are explained in more detail in the next section, but essentially title case means to capitalize every word except articles a, an, the, coordinating conjunctions and, or, but, and short prepositions in, on, for, up, this might seem simple, almost trivial, but actually it isnt. Because the associated press stylebook is not indexed and the manual for chicago style covers title style in several sections intermixed with name style and capitalization style, some title styles may have been inadvertently omitted due to oblivion on my part. The associated press stylebook provides an az guide to issues such as capitalization. As a writer following the associated press stylebook, however, i capitalize according to the rules and not peoples egos. Also in 2014, the ap announced that it was now style to spell out the names of states instead of abbreviating them.
Before posing a question to ap editor david minthorn, search the accompanying style archives for your topic. Here are several additional rules to follow when writing about the super. Book titlesand newspaper and magazine headlinesare usually formatted in one of two styles. But ap title capitalization is more complicated given the number of rules and the everincreasing types of media. Rules for capitalizing academic degrees in ap style bka. Correct capitalization is essential whether its a news article or a blog post or content on a website to make your writing look professional. Ap editor david minthorn fields questions of widest interest posed by subscribers to the online ap stylebook. What is aps style on the militarys dont ask, dont tell policy. Also, i follow the ap style book, which by the way does publish regularly new editions to address changing times and its impact on the usage of the.
Many hospitals simply write xray if the word does not appear at the beginning of a sentence. Ap compiles us elections style guide associated press. The exception to this rulewe said there would be a fewis the. They should be complete sentences that present the who, what, where, when and sometimes why without necessarily stating the obvious i. These are nprs photo caption guidelines npr training. According to ap style you do not use a comma before inc. Spiralbound book, updated each spring 2019 ap stylebook. I dont know if this will help, but for chapter style, ap says. The following formal names of specific degrees should always be capitalized in ap style. Up style this style calls for capitalizing the first and last words in the title or headline and all major words in the title. Its updated throughout the year and valuable onlineonly resources, including ask the editor, topical guides and pronunciation guide, expand on the print book s guidance. Although it is sold as a guide for reporters, it has become the leading reference for most forms of publicfacing corporate. The ap style book, as it was then called note the change to stylebook in later editions was touted as the most definitive and inclusive work of the kind ever undertaken by a group of newspapers. The associated press stylebook provides an az guide to issues such as capitalization, abbreviation, punctuation, spelling, numerals and many other questions of language usage.674 1300 631 1280 496 496 51 210 850 3 1282 1447 287 500 702 1470 1095 1191 39 1123 524 669 528 176 57 1381 262 902 673 760 942 1027 1052 772 516